Jamestown: What Caused the Failure of the Jamestown Colony in 1610?
Becoming a Detective
"Some...say the Starving Time was an Indian war against the English invaders. The Powhatan (Indians) may have decided to get rid of the settlers by starving them. [Powhatan, the chief of the Powhatan Indians refused] to trade with them. He laid seige to Jamestown. That means armed Indians wouldn't let anyone in or out [of the settlement stockade]. The settlers couldn't hunt or fish. They could hardly get to their pigs and chickens. The gentlemen ate the animals that were in the stockade - without much sharing. That made the others very angry. Soon there was nothing for anyone to eat.
"A few escaped. 'Many of our men this Starving Time did run away unto the savages, who we never heard of after,' [Captain] Percy wrote.
"Finally, in May 1610, two English ships tied up at Jamestown's docks. Of the 500 people that were in Jamestown in October when John Smith left for London, only 60 were still [there]."
From Joy Hakim (1993). "The Starving Time" in Making Thirteen Colonies (p.33). New York: Oxford University Press.
So what happened that caused the "starving time" in Jamestown colony?