Professor of Law and Associate Dean of Technology
Office phone: (757) 221-3826
Office location: Room 217A
Areas of Specialization
Intellectual Property Law--Copyright Law
Intellectual Property; Torts
Representative Professional Activities and Achievements
Joined the faculty in 1982. Clerked for Judge John D. Butzner, Jr. of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit and was Leo Goodwin Distinguished Visiting Professor at Nova Southeastern University Law School. Served as Scholar in Residence and Technical Advisor to the Register of Copyrights, U.S. Copyright Office during 1996.
Author of articles in the University of Chicago Legal Forum; the University of Pittsburgh Law Review, the Tulane Law Review, the Nova Southeastern University Law Review, the University of Akron Law Review, and the University of Dayton Law Review; Business Law Today; the Journal of Legal Education; theRichmond Journal of Law and Technology; the Journal of the Copyright Society of the U.S.; and the Harvard Journal of Law and Technology. A frequent lecturer on intellectual property and legal issues of the Internet.
- Project Looking Forward: Sketching the Future of Copyright in a Networked World (U.S. Copyright Office Aug. 1998).
- Editor, The Effects of Electronic Mail on Law Practice and Law Teaching (1994).
- Criminal Copyright Infringement, 11 Wm. & Mary Bill Rts. J. 305 (2002).
- The Copyrightability of New Works of Authorship: 'XML Schemas' as an Example, 38 Hous. L. Rev. 855 (2001).
- Not So Different: Tangible, Intangible, Digital, and Analog Works and Their Comparison for Copyright Purposes, 26 U. Dayton L. Rev. 211 (2001).
- Copyright and "New-Use" Technologies, 23 Nova L. Rev. 659 (1999).
- Computer RAM 'Copies:' Hit or Myth? Historical Perspectives on Caching as a Microcosm of Current Copyright Concerns, 22 U. Dayton L. Rev. 423 (1997).
- Property (and Copyright) in Cyberspace, 1996 U. Chic. Legal F. 217 (1996).
- The Ancient Doctrine of Trespass to Web Sites, 1996 J. Online L. art. 7 (1996). Available here.
- The Death of Law Reviews--A Reply, 30 Akron L. Rev. 249 (1996).
- Starting An Electronic Journal In Law, 3 J. Info., L. & Tech. (1996). Available here.
- Contracts, Copyright and Preemption in a Digital World, 1 Rich. J. L. & Tech. 2 (1995). Available here.
- An Experiment with Electronic Mail and Constitutional Theory, 44 J. Leg. Educ. 446 (1994).
- The Proper Legal Regime for 'Cyberspace', 55 U. Pitts. L. Rev. 993 (1994).
- Electronic Conferences: The Report of an Experiment, 6 Harv. J.L. & Tech. 213 (1993).
- Creating an Expert System for Legislative History Research: Project CLEAR's 'Lexpert,' 85 Law Lib. J. 239 (1993).
- Using the Internet for an Electronic Conference, 3 Law Tech. J. ___ (Univ. of Warwick, U.K. 1993).
- The Policy, Law, and Facts of Computer Screen Displays: An Essay, 11 Computer/L.J. 371 (1992).
- Why Legal Research Training Is So Bad: A Response to Howland and Lewis, 41 J. Legal Educ. 221 (1991).
- Project CLEAR's Paper Choice: A Hypertext System for Giving Advice About Legal Research, 82 Law Lib. J. 209 (1990).
- An Economic Understanding of Copyright Law's Work-Made-for-Hire Doctrine, 12 Colum.-VLA J.L. & Arts 181 (1988), reprinted in Intell. Prop. L. Rev. ___ (1989).
- Copyright Law's Concept of Employment--What Congress Really Intended, 35 J. Corp. Soc'y U.S.A. 210 (1988) (cited by the Supreme Court in CCNV v. Reid, 109 S. Ct. 2166, 2173 n. 7 (1989)).
- When Doctrines Collide: Corporate Negligence and Respondeat Superior When Hospital Employees Fail To Speak Up, 61 Tul. L. Rev. 85 (1986).
- Six Copyright Theories for the Protection of Computer Object Programs, 26 Ariz. L. Rev. 845 (1985).
- Transborder Data Flow: An Overview and Critique of Recent Concerns, 9 Rutgers Computer & Tech. L.J. 247 (1983).
- Using A Hypertext System for Legal Research Education, in Law, Decision-Making, and Microcomputers: An International Perspective (S. Nagel ed., 1991).
- Introduction: Boundaries of Intellectual Property Symposium, 51 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 327 (2009).
- Get Off My Site: Applying the Ancient Doctrine of Trespass to 'Property' on the Internet, Recorder Intell. Prop. Supplement, Feb. 1997, at 12 (a condensation of The Ancient Doctrine of Trespass to Web Sites, 1996 J. Online L. art. 7, listed under Legal Publications, above).
- Law and the Internet, Bus. L. Today, Mar./Apr. 1996, at 8.
- Co-author, Limiting In-Line Link Liability, Va. B. Assoc. News & Views, Nov. 1996, at 8 (with Marshall M. Curtis).
- Cyberspace and Censorship: A Personal Choice, column in San Francisco Examiner, June 4, 1995.
- The Copyright Doctrine of 'Works Made for Hire,' Va. Law., Dec. 1988, at 28.
- Resolved: That the American Tort Claims System Needs to be Reformed in View of the Liability Crisis, in Portfolio Mag., Sept. 16, 1986, at 5.
- A Response to Gregg Williams's A Threat to Future Software, IV Software Protection, 1986, at 13.
- The Syntax of Interactive Command Languages: A Framework for Design, Software--Practice & Experience, Jan. 1982, at 67.
- Principal Author, Software Tools: A Building Block Approach, NBS Special Publication 500-14 (August 1977).
- System Implementation and Evaluation, J. Systems Mgmt., Dec. 1973, at 24.