Sarah L. Stafford
Paul R. Verkuil Distinguished Professor of Public Policy, Economics and Law
B.S., Georgetown University
Office phone: (757) 221-1317
Office location: Morton 104E
Areas of Specialization
Behavioral Economics; Economic Analysis of Law; Environmental Law; Law and Public Policy; Regulatory Reform
Representative Professional Activities and Achievements
Sarah Stafford received her B.S. in Foreign Service from Georgetown University in 1990 and her Ph.D. in Economics from the Johns Hopkins University in 1998, the same year in which she joined the William and Mary faculty. Her teaching interests include law and economics, regulation, environmental economics and industrial organization. Professor Stafford's research focuses on the effect of environmental regulations on firm and industry behavior.
- Outsourcing Enforcement: Principles to Guide Self-Policing Regimes, 32 Cardozo L. Rev. 2293 (2011).
- Individual Decision Making Experiments with Risk and Intertemporal Choice, 38 Journal of Risk and Uncertainty 51 (2009) (with Lisa Anderson).
- Self-Policing in a Targeted Enforcement Regime, 74 Southern Economic Journal 934 (2008).
- Should You Turn Yourself In? The Consequences of Environmental Self-Policing, 26 Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 305 (2007).
- Can Consumers Enforce Environmental Regulations? The Role of the Market in Hazardous Waste Compliance, 31 Journal of Regulatory Economics 57 (2007).
- State Adoption of Environmental Audit Initiatives, 24 Contemporary Economic Policy 172 (2006).
- Contributor, Rational or Confused Polluters? Evidence from Hazardous Waste Compliance, 5 Economic Analysis and Policy 1 (2006).
- Does Self-Policing Help the Environment? EPA's Audit Policy and Hazardous Waste Compliance, 6 Vermont J. Envt'l Law ___ 6 (2005).
- How Green is Your Campus? An Analysis of the Factors that Drive Universities to Embrace Sustainability, 29 Contemporary Economic Policy 337 (2006).
- Peer-reviewed, Management of Hazardous Waste and Contaminated Land, ___ Annual Review of Resources Economics ____ (forthcoming).
- Co-author, Peer-reviewed, A Facility-level Analysis of the Long-term Consequences of Environmental Auditing among Hazardous Waste Generators, ___ J. Regulatory Economics ___(forthcoming) (with Mary Evans and Lirong Liu).
- Hazardous Substances, Encyclopedia of Energy, Natural Resource and Environmental Economics (Jason Shogren, ed., Elsevier Academic Press, forthcoming).
- Where Things Stand with Hazardous Waste Regulation,” Weekly Policy Commentary for Resources for the Future (March 30, 2009), reprinted in Ian Parry and Felicia Day, eds. Issues of the Day: 100 Commentaries on Climate, Energy, the Environment, Transportation, and Public Health Policy, Washington, DC: Resources for the Future, 2010.
- Co-author, Peer-reviewed, Individual Decision Making Experiments with Risk and Intertemporal Choice, 38 Journal of Risk and Uncertainty 51 (2009) (with Lisa R. Anderson).
- Peer-reviewed, Should You Turn Yourself In? The Consequences of Environmental Self-Policing, 26 Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 305 (2007).
- Peer-reviewed, Can Consumers Enforce Environmental Regulations? The Role of the Market in Hazardous Waste Compliance, 31 Journal of Regulatory Economics, 83(2007).
- Peer-reviewed, Rational or Confused Polluters? Evidence from Hazardous Waste Compliance>, 5 Contributions in Economic Analysis and Policy Article 21 (2006), reprinted in The Economics of Hazardous Waste and Contaminated Land, (Hilary Sigman, ed., Edward Elgar, 2008).
- Co-author, Peer-reviewed, Does Crime Pay? A Classroom Demonstration of Monitoring and Enforcement, 72 Southern Economic Journal 101 (2006) (with Lisa R. Anderson).
- Peer-reviewed, State Adoption of Environmental Audit Initiatives, 24 Contemporary Economic Policy 172-187 (2006).
- Co-author, Peer-reviewed, The Campus Parking Game: A Demonstration of Price Discrimination and Consumer Welfare, 71 Southern Economic Journal 668 (2005) (with Jeffrey Michaels, Arthur Zillante, et al.).
- Peer-reviewed, Progress Toward Title IX Compliance: The Effect of Formal and Informal Enforcement Mechanisms, 85 Social Science Quarterly 1469 (2004), in Special Issue Social Science Examines Education.
- Co-author, Peer-reviewed, Punishment in a Regulatory Setting: Experimental Evidence from the VCM 24 Journal of Regulatory Economics 91 (2003) (with Lisa R. Anderson)
- Peer-reviewed, Network Externalities and Standardization: A Classroom Demonstration, 69 The Southern Economic Journal 1000 (2003) (with Christopher S. Ruebeck, Nicola Tynan, et al.).
- Co-author, Peer-reviewed, An Experimental Analysis of Rent Seeking Under Varying Competitive Conditions, 115 Public Choice 199 (2003) (with Lisa R. Anderson).
- Peer-reviewed, The Effect of Punishment on Firm Compliance with Hazardous Waste Regulations, 44 Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 290 (2002).
- Co-author, Peer-reviewed, Choosing Winners and Losers in a Permit Trading Game, 67 The Southern Economic Journal 212 (2000) (with Lisa R. Anderson).
- Peer-reviewed, The Impact of Environmental Regulations on the Location of Firms in the Hazardous Waste Management Industry, 76 Land Economics 569 (2000).
- Co-author, Peer-reviewed, Costs and Benefits of the RCRA Corrective Action Program: A National Perspective, in Proceedings of the 2nd International Congress on Hazardous Waste: Impact on Human and Ecological Health (1996) (with Barnes Johnson et al.).